The use of chicken feather fibers as filling material in Winter clothes for heat insulation purposes

International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, DOI: IJCST-11-2017-0181 Nazim Paşayev, Onur Tekoğlu ABSTRACT Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate if the fibers obtained from chicken feathers have a possibility to be used or not used in Winter outerwears as a filling material in terms of thermal insulation parameters. Design/methodology/approach – In the study, thermal properties of the heat-resistant interlining samples produced from the chicken feathers fibers were analyzed in comparison with the samples produced from the industrial filling materials. Findings – In the study, it was revealed that the use of chicken feathers fibers as filling material in Winter outerwears was possible. Practical implications – The use of chicken feather fibers in Winter outerwears as a filling material will be an extremely low-cost alternative to pile flies of water birds which are sufficiently expensive filling materials. Social implications – A significant portion of the chicken feather, which is released as a by-product in the production of chicken meat, is destroyed as industrial waste by digging or burning. Some of this product is used in the production of such cheap products as poultry feed. In the case of the production of fibers from the chicken feather, the use of these fibers as a filler in Winter clothing along with environmental protection will allow...

Dyeing of Chicken Feather Fibers with Natural Dyes

Journal of Natural Fibers, 2018 M. İbrahim Bahtiyari, Hüseyin Benli & Nazım Pasayev ABSTRACT In this study, coloration of the feather fibers with natural dye sources was examined. By this way it was planned to introduce colored chicken feather fibers to serve for different textile applications. For the coloration of the feather fibers, the natural dye sources “Buckthorn,” “Madder,” and “Hibiscus” were used. During the dyeing process, different mordanting agents were added to the dye bath to see the effect of the mordanting agents and also dyeing of the feather fibers without use of any mordanting agent was investigated. Afterwards samples were evaluated in terms of color efficiencies and color values. Moreover, the washing and light fastnesses of the samples were tested. As a result, it was observed that the tested natural dye sources can be used for the coloration of the chicken feather fibers and different colors can be easily obtained with the use of these natural dye sources and mordants. Link: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/15440478.2018.1541772

Investigation of Sound Absorption Properties of Nonwoven Webs Produced from Chicken Feather Fibers

Journal of Industrial Textiles Marc 2018   Nazim Paşayev, Suüreyya Kocatepe and Nesli Maraş   ABSTRACT As a consequence of modern life and technology, noise causes many negative side effects, especially with regard to health. Today, the presence of acoustic problems in transport vehicles such as airplanes, cars and train wagons has become one of the major problems of modern life. Many methods and materials have been developed to provide acoustic comfort in indoor spaces. One of them is the development and application of sound-absorbing materials. Nonwoven webs, which are considered to be the most ideal materials for sound insulation, have micron-sized pores as well as large surface areas. Among these materials, materials with double-layered porosity have greater effect. In recent years, researchers are increasingly turning to the development of sound-absorbing materials from production waste and natural materials that are easily decomposed in the environment. In this study, the sound-absorbing properties of nonwoven webs produced from chicken feather fibers, a by-product in chicken production and a significant amount of waste, were investigated. For this purpose, nonwoven web samples with different parameters were produced by using different binding materials by using thermal bonding method. The sound absorption coefficient and sound transmission loss values of the samples were measured and evaluated. As a result of the analyses, the influence parameters such as...

Investigation Influence of Human Sweat and Moisture on the Resistance to Abrasion of Woolen Fabrics

Journal of Textile Engineering & Fashion Technology 2(1) 2017:257-259   ABSTRACT When using process, abrasions in some part of the clothes due to friction are frequently encountered event. Generally, abrasion of textile material due to friction is complex process, takes place under the action with one or more of the physical, chemical, biological and mechanical factors and results in with deterioration or dispersion of the material. One of the effective biological factors is sweat. Abrasions due to friction take place under the influence of a sweat in some areas of clothes, such as between the trouser legs, jacket’s arms. In this study, it has examined that how abrasion changes resistance of clean woolen cloths under the influence of human sweat. Various woolen fabrics with different parameters have been subjected to tests for resistance to abrasion under normal conditions. Samples were tested dry and after wetting with pure water and a solution of human sweat. The results were compared. It is shown that, wet abrasion resistance of woolen fabric is lower than the dry form. Abrasion resistance of clean wool fabrics taken up moisture 25% of the weight of the normal environment can lose between 35%...55% due to friction in normal ambient conditions. Clean wool fabrics lose their abrasion resistance less in comparison with pure water under the effect...

Fiber Production From Chicken Feather With Industrial Method

BULLETIN of the Kyiv National University of Technologies and Design № 3 (110), 2017: 107-112   ABSTRACT Purpose. The aim of the work is to obtain fibers of maximum length when Recycling chicken feathers.Methodology. This study is based on the production of fiber by mechanical cutting of the fibers from chicken feathers. The fibers were produced from chicken feathers at the end of the arrangements on a disperser type machine. In the studies, the method of planning and analysis of the experiment was used. Results. The length of the obtained fibers is between 5-35 mm. Experiments have been carried out to obtained longer fibers based on the operating parameters of the machine. As a result, one-third of the product obtained comprise the fibers which are longer than 15mm. It has been determined that the proportion of moisture contained in the feathers, which is put in the machine, affects the length of the fibers. The results of the experiments showed that the best fiber output is getting when the feathers have 14,66% relative humidity. Scientific novelty. As a result of research, it became possible to obtain fibers from chicken feathers with controlled parameters. Practical value. Natural protein fibers from chicken feathers were produced by the production method.   Link: https://er.knutd.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/6781/1/V110_P107-113.pdf

Dielectric Drying Effect on Properties of Fabrics

Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research Vol. 40, September 2015, pp. 308-314   Nazim Pasayev and Mumune Atalay   ABSTRACT The changes in wet fabric properties with applying microwave drying method have been investigated. For this purpose, polyester, polyester-cotton and cotton fabrics have been prepared followed by wet processing and drying. Drying is completed using conventional (convectional) and microwave methods. Fabric properties are determined both before and after drying and then compared. It is observed that the changes in group of properties for microwave drying are not much more than those in conventional drying method. In addition, some product properties get better by using microwave drying method. The results show that the drying method of textile products in electromagnetic field with extremely high changes is much more practicable.   Link: http://op.niscair.res.in/index.php/IJFTR/article/view/4814

Analyzing Production Cost of Small and Medium Sized Enterprices in Terms of Sewing Department Production Conditions

TEKSTİL ve KONFEKSİYON 24(1), 2014:134-138   Nazim Paşayev, Müslüm Erol   ABSTRACT Under the current market conditions, it is compulsory for enterprises to use required resources at maximum productivity level during the production in order to survive and compete. The enterprise executives often have to make decisions to maximize their revenues or minimize their cost in the face of limited resources and accumulated demands. As a result of the programs without calculating the actual cost, the profit is less than the enterprises can get. In this case, reducing production cost issue gains more import day by day. Since the reducing production cost is a multidimensial problem, it is necessary to examine this issue from different aspects in garment industry. For this purpose, the production cost of enterprises with small production capacity which have a big and important role in Turkish garment sector have been investigated and also the main factors that are affecting the cost have been reviewed. In this study, a comparative analysis have been done through the data obtained from various enterprises, which produce same products in different zones, with similar production capacity and also the factors affecting cost as well as the effect rate of these factors are determined. The factors that affect the sewing department labor cost, which is...

Relation Between Structural Parameters and Drying Properties of Cotton Knitted Fabrics

Tekstil ve Konfeksiyon 23(4) 2013:357 - 363   Levent Önal, Çağrıalp Arslan, Nazim Paşayev   ABSTRACT Drying time of textile product is an important comfort parameter that determines the evaporation speed of sweat or moisture from the fabric. The effect of structural difference on the drying properties of various knitted fabrics was evaluated in this study. Drying time and water absorption behavior of various single and double jerseys knitted structures were measured. The relation between drying time and water absorption percentage to the fabric thickness, tightness factor and areal weight was statistically analyzed. Strong correlation was found between drying time and the studied parameters. A new parameter “fabric linear weight” was also derived from the studied parameters in order to model the drying time of knitted fabrics mathematically. When drying time was considered, it was found that pique knit dried faster, while it took longer time to dry the three-thread fleece knit. On the other hand, the water absorption percentage of eightlock sample was the highest among all samples. A new drying test approach was also proposed to measure the static drying time of knitted fabrics capable of comparing the effect of different knitted structures.   Link:

Investigation of the Techniques Decreasing the Seam Slippage in Chenille Fabrics (Part II)

Textile Research Journal 2012 82(9)   Nazim Pasayev, Mahmut Korkmaz and Dilek Baspinar   Abstract The seam slippage in woven fabric products is an adverse event in sewn products. The purpose of this study is to examine the seam slippage in chenille fabric products which are widely used as upholstery fabrics and to research ways to decrease seam slippage. In this study, the theoretical analysis of the seam slippage mechanism has been performed by the literature analysis and the results of experimental studies which were obtained in Part I. In this analysis, seam slippage is examined as the sum of two factors: the deformation of sewing stitch and the slippage of the fabric yarns by sewing stitch chains. According to the theoretical analysis of the processes, it can be inferred that it is possible to decrease seam slippage by driving the energy of applied mechanical forces to other tasks. Based on the results, the ways to decrease seam slippage, which occur in sewn products, have been determined. Two of them are related to the selection of sewing yarn and sewing parameters based on previous researches. The dependence of the other two ways on the fabric structure supported with adhesive interlining and the selection of sewing...

Investigation of the Techniques Decreasing the Seam Slippage in Chenille Fabrics (Part I)

Textile Research Journal 2011 81: 2075   Nazim Pasayev, Mahmut Korkmaz and Dilek Baspinar   Abstract Seam slippage, which occurs frequently in furniture upholstery fabrics on the parallel sewing line, even though it is undesirable, results in partial or full distortion of fabric appearance. The purpose of this study is to reduce the seam slippage in upholstery chenille fabrics, which are widely used in furniture production. This is the preliminary study, in which the effects of sewing direction and the number of interlaced chenille yarns over warp yarns on seam slippage were investigated for the first time. Aside from the effects of fiber content, sewing stitch step, weft densities of fabrics, sewing direction according to the weft and warp and the number of interlaced chenille yarns over warp yarns on seam slippage were studied with the use of multifactor experiment. On the basis of these experiments, effects and impact factors of the aforementioned parameters on seam slippage were shown with the use of mathematical models.   Link: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/0040517511413320

Konfeksiyon Üretiminde Üretim Planlamasının Kumaş Giderlerine Etkilerinin Araştırılması

TEKSTİL ve KONFEKSİYON 3/2010   ÖZET Konfeksiyon ürünlerinin maliyetinin yarıya yakınını kumaş giderleri oluştururken kumaş giderlerinin de yaklaşık dörtte birini kumaş kayıpları oluşturmaktadır. Konfeksiyon üretiminde kumaş kayıplarının düşürülmesine yönelik olan bu çalışmada üretim planlamasının ve pastal planı hazırlamanın kumaş giderlerine etkileri araştırılmıştır. Bu amaçla kumaş kayıplarını etkileyen faktörler analiz edilmiş, üretim planlama ile bağlı bazı faktörlerin kumaş kayıpları açısından oldukça etkili olduğu görülmüştür. Deneysel çalışmalarla konfeksiyon üretiminde kumaş kayıplarının düşürülmesi için daha üretimin planlaması aşamasında zemin hazırlanmasının mümkün olabileceği ortaya konulmuştur. Konfeksiyon üretiminde kumaş kayıpları açısından elverişli kumaş eninin saptanmasının üretimin planlanması, daha doğrusu üretim serisinin hesaplanması ile bağlantılı şekilde gerçekleştirilmesinin kumaş kayıplarını önemli derecede düşürmeye imkan sağladığı belirlenmiştir.   Link: http://dergipark.gov.tr/download/article-file/218164