The Use of Chicken Feather Fibers as Insulation Material for Winter Top Clothing

IV International Conference On Engineering And Natural Sciences (Icens 2018), 2-6 Mayıs 2018. Kiev, Ukrayna   Nazim Paşayev, Onur Tekoğlu, Süreyya Kocatepe   Since ancient times, natural materials such as cotton, wool and bird feathers have been used for thermal insulation in winter clothes. Today, although more artificial materials are used for this purpose, natural insulation materials especially lower feathers of water birds have not lost their importance as waterproofing materials. These materials with high heat protection, lightness, softness and long serviceability are very expensive. In contrast, especially recently developed artificial fibers exhibit superior properties than natural fibers at some angles, but they are not as useful as natural fibers in terms of heat insulation, softness and long service. This makes the water bird feathers more expensive, especially the puffer and goose feathers. Accordingly, as the chicken feathers material is abundant, easily accessible and cheaper than the water bird feathers, the use of chicken feathers in winter clothes as filling material has attracted more attention. On the other hand, about 22 million tons of chickens are obtained as by-products each year in the world, and more than 4 million tons are wasted. This chemically resistant material is buried or burnt. Chicken feathers are natural heat insulation materials. However, it is not possible to utilize chicken...

Investigation Of Hygroscopic Properties For Fibers Obtained From Chicken Feathers

IV International Conference On Engineering And Natural Sciences (Icens 2018), 2-6 Mayıs 2018. Kiev, Ukrayna   Nazim Paşayev, Süreyya Kocatepe, Nesli Maraş, Onur Tekoglu   Chicken feathers aren’t suitable to use with current form unlike feathers obtained from water birds. The fragility, heavy, rough structure and low elasticity characteristics make unfavourable to get advantage from the chicken feathers. However, the material obtained from chicken feathers and called "chicken feather fibers" is more useful than fibers. These protein fibers that result from processing of chicken feathers, much of which is a waste product, have lots of valuable properties. In this study, hygroscopic properties of chicken fibers have investigated. Chicken feather fibber’s ability of absorb moisture from air, ability to absorb water and swelling feature under the influence of water have investigated when compared to goose down, cotton and wool fibers, which used as a natural filling material in winter clothes. At the end of researches, it has revealed that the chicken feather fibers have high hygroscopic properties.   Link: https://www.icens.eu/sites/default/files/2018-icens-proceedings-v2.pdf

Investigation of Sound Insulation Parameters of Nonwoven Surfaces Obtained From Chicken Feather Fibers Using Low Melt FibersTitle of the Paper

ETT 2018. 8th International Istanbul Textile Conference Evaluation of Technical Textiles, 14-16 Nisan 2018, İstanbul   Süreyya Kocatepe, Nazim Paşayev   Sound absorbing materials are widely used to provide acoustic comfort in indoor places. Nowadays, many types of sound absorbing materials have been developed and mineral and polymer based natural, artificial and synthetic materials are used for the development of these materials. An important group of sound absorbing materials are the materials which have a porous structure. The most important part of these materials is the fibrous and cellular materials. This study is about the production of nonwovens from chicken feathers which have a cellular interior. In this way, it is possible to combine the properties of both cellular and fibrous materials. In this study, thermal bonding method was used to produce a nonwoven surface from chicken feathers for sound insulation. Polyester based bicomponent fiber was used to connect the fibers together. The bicomponent fibers were mixed with the chicken feathers at specific ratios to produce nonwoven surfaces with hot pressing method. The samples were rested under normal atmospheric conditions for 48 hours and samples were prepared to measure the sound insulation parameters in the impedance tube. The measurements were performed according to the standard and each sample was measured in single, double...

Tavuk Tüylerinin Lif Üretim Açısından Yapısal Özelliklerinin Analizi

3. Uluslararsı Lif ve Polimer Araştırmaları Sempozyumu, 8-9 Mart 2018, Bursa.   Süreyya Kocatepe, Nazim Paşayev   ÖZET Son yıllar doğal protein lifi olarak tavuk tüylerinden elde edilen lifler dikkat çekmektedir. Bu liflerden yüksek katma değerli malzemeler üretilmesi açısından tavuk tüylerinin yapısının incelenmeye ihtiyacı vardır. Bu çalışma tavuk tüylerinin yapısal özelliklerinin analizi üzerine yapılmıştır.   Link:  6 Bursa 20181

Study Thermal Properties of Chicken Feather Fiber as Filling Material

XIV İnternational İzmir Textile and Apparel Symposium, 26-28.10.2017, İzmir, Turkey   Onur Tekoğlu, Nazim Paşayev   ABSTRACT The aim of this study is to examine the thermal parameters of chicken feather fibers when they are used as filler material for winter clothes. In this study some test sample fabrics are prepared. The fibers that are obtained from the disinfected chicken feathers are used as filler material. 8, 16, 24, 32 and 40 gr fibers are filled in these samples and the thermal parameters are tested by an Alambeta thermal tester. The results are compared with the results of other commonly used filling materials.   Link: İzmir_2017

Production of Nonwoven from Chicken Feather Fibers

XIVth International Izmir Textile and Apparel Symposium, 26-28.10.2017, İzmir, Turkey   Nazim Paşayev, Süreyya Kocatepe, Nesli Maraş   Studies show that chicken feathers have many valuable properties and the most important is that these fibers are porous. This feature transforms the fibers into a very valuable raw material for use in many areas, firstly for insulation purposes. Literature studies have shown that there are very few studies on the production of nonwoven surfaces from these fibers. This study presents the production of nonwoven that can be used for different purposes from chicken feather fibers and examining the properties of these surfaces.   Link: İzmir-2017

Development of Sound Insulation Composites from Materials Obtained From Bird Feathers

3rd İnternational Porous and Powder Materials Symposium and Exhibition, 12-15.09.2017, İzmir, Turkey   ABSTRACT The most common type of birds is chickens. Approximately 22 million tons of chicken feathers emerge as by-products in white meat production every year in the world. Most of them are waste products. Research has shown that chicken feathers have many valuable features. One of the most important of these features is microporous structure in the feather. This paper deals with the development of multi-layered composite structures produced from the chicken feather fibers and stem (rachis) material for sound insulation. The fibrous part of the feather was separated from the rachis by mechanical cutting in the special machine. Composite structures were produced from each of these materials by hot pressing. Ethylene vinyl acetate was used as the bonding material. Structural analysis of the produced composites was made and the sound insulation parameters were examined. Two-layered, three-layered and four- layered structures were produced out of these composites in various combinations. Examination of the acoustic parameters reveals that those developed structures have good sound insulation ability. These materials, produced from waste raw material, perform better and they are more affordable than the other sound insulation materials.   Link: PROCEEDINGS+BOOK_Pasayev

Investigation some characteristics of chicken feather’s rachis

17th World Textile Conference AUTEX,  29-31.05.2017, Corfu, Greece   Nazim Paşayev, Süreyya Kocatepe, Nesli Maraş, Mustafa Soylak, Müslüm Erol   ABSTRACT In recent years, obtaining the natural protein fibers from chicken feathers, which are obtained as a by-product in the production of chicken meat and which cause environmental pollution and important part is waste, has been drawn to the perspective of scientists. So, the investigations about the chicken feather fibers reveal important properties of these fibers. Chicken feather fibers are obtained by mechanical cutting of the barbs which have fibrous structure, the structure branched from rachis and constitute the body of the feather. The rachis part of chicken feather constitutes approximately half of the weight of the feathers. So, it is necessary to examine the properties of the chicken feathers in order to gain their industrialization. This study is concerned with the mechanical and physical properties of the material that is taken as a by-product in the production of fibers from chicken feathers and constitutes the rachis part of the feathers.   Link: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1757-899X/254/19/192013/pdf